docker logs by default shows the container's
stderr logs. However, what I discovered was that the
stderr logs from the container
are output to the host system's
stderr as well. I was expecting everything from the container
to be on the host's
Let's see a demo. Consider the
FROM alpine:3.7 CMD echo "I echoed to stdout" && >&2 echo "I echoed to stderr"
Let's build it and run it:
$ docker build -t amit/test . $ sudo docker run --name test amit/test I echoed to stdout I echoed to stderr $ sudo docker logs test I echoed to stdout I echoed to stderr $ sudo docker logs test 2> /dev/null I echoed to stdout
In the second
docker logs command, we redirect the host's
/dev/null. So, if you are looking to
get only the output that was written
stdout inside the container, we will need to make sure, we pipe
the stderr to
/dev/null on the host.
Assigning the output of docker logs
Coming back to the primary use case which triggered this post, if we wanted just the standard output of the container to be assigned to a variable in bash, here's what we should do:
data="$(sudo docker logs test 2> /dev/null)"
If we don't do the above
stderr redirection, we will still see that container's
stderr output on the host system.
That may leave you scratching your head, as it did to me, since we think we are assigning all the output of
to a variable.