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Add an additional host entry to docker container

Problem

Let's say a program in a container should be able to resolve a custom hostname.

Solution

When using docker run:

$ sudo docker run --add-host myhost.name:127.0.0.1 -ti python bash
Unable to find image 'python:latest' locally
latest: Pulling from library/python
Digest: sha256:eb20fd0c13d2c57fb602572f27f05f7f1e87f606045175c108a7da1af967313e
Status: Downloaded newer image for python:latest
...

This will show up as an additional entry in the container's /etc/hosts file:

root@fee9aeccbc4b:/# cat /etc/hosts
...
127.0.0.1   myhost.name

With docker compose, we can use the extra_hosts key:

extra_hosts:
    - "myhost.name:127.0.0.1"

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